Meditation is a complex process and there are minimal references available in scientific literature for its cerebral characteristics. In a study, exploring structural connection of meditation, researchers took diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data of long term meditators and controls (n=54). They used atlas based mapping to evaluate the characteristics of white matter fibers in the meditators. High angular and spatial resolution data was acquired for the study. The results of this study revealed that there is structural connectivity within all projection pathways of the brain in mediators group
. The control group shows no connectivity or less connectivity. The meditation research shows more connections within the corticospinal tract. Cross sectional studies shows links between meditation and white fiber characteristics.
Meditation practice is nowadays considered to be the best practice to maintain holistic health of a person. Meditation works as a adjunctive therapy in medical settings. Researchers prove it to be a best practice which is good for mind-body practice. Scientific literature shows beneficial effects of meditation in different diseases.
In another cross-sectional study, the effect of medication on mindfulness skills and psychological well- beings was evaluated. Two mediation groups were taken from local meditation centers for this study. One group was practicing the mindfulness mediation (MM) and the other group practicing the transcendental meditation( TM) in there centers. This study was conducted in many meditation centers of Sothern Netherland area. Total of 55 women practicing the meditation exercises were took for this study. Out of 55 participants, 35 women were in MM group and 20 were in TM group of meditation. Days per week was considered in both groups. The participants were examined with questionnaires on mindfulness skills and psychological skills and duration of meditation in both groups. There is no difference between mindfulness and psychological well being of the groups under study. The study reveals the fact that duration of meditation therapy in both groups throughout all centers in the only considerable variable. The result of this study concluded the fact that self-reported meditation frequency is associated with the mindfulness and psychological well-being of the groups under study. There is little potential difference when compare the MM and TM groups for the study. The demographic difference was considered in this study for mediation therapy. Substantial difference between MM and TM groups were quite evident on demographic basis.
Author: Dr. Rubina Mushtaq